This information is taken from:
RGS-IBG Expedition Medicine Manual
David Warrell and Sarah Anderson (ed.) Profile Books 2002. 398pp. ISBN 1 86197 434-5.
Important note: This book was published in 2002 so some of the information may now have been revised and most importantly the recommended drugs may also have changed. The latest advice can be found in the Oxford Handbook of Expedition Medicine, 2nd Edition, 2015.
Section 3: Medical problems of environmental extremes covers some of the medical issues that may be encountered while travelling in different extreme environments.
The Medical Problems of Environmental Extremes section includes chapters on:
23 Desert expeditions
24 Tropical forest expeditions
25 Polar expeditions
26 High-altitude and mountaineering expeditions
27 Underwater expeditions
28 Caving expeditions
29 Canoe, kayak and raft expeditions