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Royal Geographical Society (with IBG): the heart of geography
Sketching and photography
Sampling techniques
Coasts
Microclimate
Rivers
Ecosystems
Rural investigations
Human impact studies
Tourism and recreation
Urban and settlement
Fieldwork technology »
Transport
Investigating opinions

Fieldwork techniques

Information and instructions for a range of techniques that can be used by students to carry out geographical fieldwork investigations in different locations and settings.  These resources can be used by teachers as a teaching aid, and also by students to assist with revision.

Since 2008, AS and A2 geography specifications have changed.

Sketching and photography »

Sketching and photography

Field sketching and field photography are fundamental parts of any field work investigation.

Sampling techniques »

Sampling techniques

An appropriate sampling strategy is adopted to obtain a representative, and statistically valid sample of the whole.

Coasts »

Coasts

Beach profiles, sediment analysis, measuring longshore drift, cliff surveys.

Microclimate »

Microclimate

Wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity and light levels, precipitation.

Rivers »

Rivers

Cross-sections, velocity, sediment analysis.

Ecosystems »

Ecosystems

Sand dune transects, woodland transects, soil analysis, invertebrate sampling, freshwater invertebrate sampling, water quality measurements, zone sampling.

Rural investigations »

Rural investigations

Land-use and function surveys, rural services provision, rural changes and issues investigations.

Human impact studies »

Human impact studies

Investigating pollution, carrying out an enviornmental impact assessment, judgement surveys and environmental evaluation surveys.

Tourism and recreation »

Tourism and recreation

Impact of tourism and recreation, impact of new tourism and recreation developments.

Urban and settlement »

Urban and settlement

Investigating landuse and function, retailing and commerce investigations, urban changes and issues.

Fieldwork technology »

Fieldwork technology

Free GIS and maps, Google Earth, ESRI ArcGIS, Infomapper, geocaching, geotagging, soundscapes.

Transport »

Transport

Investigating provision, investigating issues and management.

Investigating opinions »

Investigating opinions

Carrying out interview surveys, conducting questionnaires.

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