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An introduction to Superpower Geographies
A new recipe for economic development
A Shrinking World
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Arab awakening
Baby steps for China
Building a nation: South Sudan one year on
Building BRICS
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Celebrating new appropriate technology
China and North Korea: Regional economic cooperation
Chocolate spread over
Credit Crunch Geography
Factors influencing the success of pastoral farming in developing countries
Fast Food Farmers
Fast Food Geography
Follow the thing: Papaya
Geography, power and the Olympics
Global flows
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Global production networks
Hello South Sudan
India - Change and challenge for a new superpower
Inequality and its management
Kinky boots
Life transitions and care in sibling-headed households affected by AIDS in Tanzania and Uganda
Making music in the global economy
Measuring International Corruption and its Impacts
Rio+20: A global evaluation of sustainable development
Supermarket Sweep
Surfs up!
The BRICs are coming: Will Brazil ever arrive?
The Congo Wars: geography NOT in the news
The Deepwater Horizon, the Mavi Marmara, and the dynamic zonation of ocean space
The geography of gold
The horsemeat scandal and other food geographies
Two views on the growth of China
The Nicaraguan trans-oceanic canal
International Women’s Day 2017
The US presidential election 2016
What is Brexit? The UK and EU relationship 2017

Arab awakening

November 2011

A look at 2011, the year of the Arab Spring

2011 was an important year for the political development of several North African and Middle Eastern states. After decades of autocratic rule, dictators were toppled. Protestors received at least the promise of reform in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya.

The uprisings were, in a large part, triggered by people’s frustration with unemployment and rising living costs.

Youthful populations throughout the region believe they have been deprived of the ‘trickle-down’ benefits of economic development. Throughout 2011, they used social networking internet sites to orchestrate a high level of social unrest and civil disobedience. The rest of the world is watching for the outcome.


This article supports Edexcel A2 (Unit 3), IBO Diploma (global interactions) and AQA A2 (conflict).

It may also be a useful starting point for the delivery of Edexcel’s new Global Development AS-level course (Unit 1: how local communities contribute to democratisation).

In the Members' Area:

  • North African and the Middle Eastern politics in a global context
  • The geographical context of the uprisings
  • Student activities
  • References

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