A look at 2011, the year of the Arab Spring
2011 was an important year for the political development of several North African and Middle Eastern states. After decades of autocratic rule, dictators were toppled. Protestors received at least the promise of reform in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya.
The uprisings were, in a large part, triggered by people’s frustration with unemployment and rising living costs.
Youthful populations throughout the region believe they have been deprived of the ‘trickle-down’ benefits of economic development. Throughout 2011, they used social networking internet sites to orchestrate a high level of social unrest and civil disobedience. The rest of the world is watching for the outcome.
This article supports Edexcel A2 (Unit 3), IBO Diploma (global interactions) and AQA A2 (conflict).
It may also be a useful starting point for the delivery of Edexcel’s new Global Development AS-level course (Unit 1: how local communities contribute to democratisation).
In the Members' Area:
- North African and the Middle Eastern politics in a global context
- The geographical context of the uprisings
- Student activities