Home    What's new    Search    Contact Us   Sign in / Register
· You are here: Home • Our work • Schools and education » • School Members Area » • Global perspectives, geopolitics and development »
About us Our work What's on Geography today Press & Media News Join us
Royal Geographical Society (with IBG): the heart of geography
An introduction to Superpower Geographies
A new recipe for economic development
A Shrinking World
Aid and influence
Arab awakening
Baby steps for China
Building a nation: South Sudan one year on
Building BRICS
Cars: The global business of Britain is back on track
Celebrating new appropriate technology
China and North Korea: Regional economic cooperation
Chocolate spread over
Credit Crunch Geography
Factors influencing the success of pastoral farming in developing countries
Fast Food Farmers
Fast Food Geography
Follow the thing: Papaya
Geography, power and the Olympics
Global flows
Global motorization, social ecology and China
Global production networks
Hello South Sudan
India - Change and challenge for a new superpower
Inequality and its management
Kinky boots
Life transitions and care in sibling-headed households affected by AIDS in Tanzania and Uganda
Making music in the global economy
Measuring International Corruption and its Impacts
Rio+20: A global evaluation of sustainable development
Supermarket Sweep
Surfs up!
The BRICs are coming: Will Brazil ever arrive?
The Congo Wars: geography NOT in the news
The Deepwater Horizon, the Mavi Marmara, and the dynamic zonation of ocean space
The geography of gold
The horsemeat scandal and other food geographies
Two views on the growth of China
The Nicaraguan trans-oceanic canal
International Women’s Day 2017
The US presidential election 2016
What is Brexit? The UK and EU relationship 2017

Hello South Sudan

November 2011

What are the geographical challenges facing the world’s newest nation?

There are now 196 nations* in the world. The creation of South Sudan by the division of Sudan (previously Africa’s biggest country) took place in July 2011, six months after over-whelming popular support was given for an independence vote.

After 50 years of conflict, including the humanitarian crisis of Darfur, it is to be hoped that a more peaceful era has arrived for this troubled region of Africa. This article examines the background to the split and explores the range of challenges that South Sudan’s new rulers face. These include maintaining smooth international relations (with neighbouring Sudan and major investor states such as China), managing the return home of a large diaspora and finding a development pathway that is less reliant on oil money.

[* There are generally agreed to be 196 sovereign states. These comprise 192 UN members; also Vatican City, Kosovo and South Sudan; and the more controversial case of Taiwan. Some countries such as Wales are not counted because they are not fully independent states.]


This case study can serve as a synoptic exercise. It brings together a number of geographic themes in a context that many A-level students may lack familiarity with. It also supports studies for the IBO Diploma Global Interactions paper, the AQA Conflict A2 option topic and Edexcel Unit 3 (Superpowers and the Development Gap).

In the Members' Area:

  • The background to South Sudan’s independence
  • South Sudan’s geographical challenges
  • References

Sign in to read the full article. If you are not already a member you can join us as a School Member or Young Geographer and access our vast library of educational articles.


· Accessibility statement
· Terms and Conditions, and Cookie use
· Contact Webmaster
· Download Adobe Reader
· RGS-IBG is not responsible for the content of external internet sites

Bookmark and Share