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Royal Geographical Society (with IBG): the heart of geography
A bad month for hazards
Adaptation - the new life line for Bangladesh?
Aspiration and reality: flood policy, economic damages and the appraisal process
Brought down to earth
Comparing Avalanches in the Alps and Afghanistan
Consequences of Katrina
Disaster in the Philippines: Typhoon Haiyan
Drought doubt?
Drought? What drought?
El Nino and Development in Peru
Flash flood
Hampstead Heath Ponds Project
Human triggered avalanches in the Carpathian Mountains, Romania
Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull volcano
Indian Ocean tsunamis: environmental and socio-economic impacts in Langkawi, Malaysia
Japan earthquake and tsunami
Managing the impact of flooding
Nepal Earthquakes, Avalanches and Landslides
Pluvial (rain-related) flooding in urban areas: the invisible hazard
Rain, risk and resilience
Responses to natural hazard risks in China
Storm surge
Superstorm Sandy: A geographical perspective
Thai floods: mystery activity
The 2010 Eyjafjallajokull eruption and the reconstruction of geography
The Deep Freeze: United States and the shifting ‘Polar vortex’
The human-induced hazard of Hungary
Tsunami risk and disaster planning - perspectives from the Caribbean
UK Flooding 2015
UK water and climate risks
Hazardous Holidays: Earthquake in Kos
Hurricane Harvey
Hurricane Irma
Hurricane Matthew hits Haiti
Working with Nature: Building resilience to flood events in Pickering, Yorkshire
World at Risk: Summer 2009

Hazards and risk

Volcanoes | earthquakes | flooding | hurricanes | typhoons | natural disasters | sink holes | landslides | risk and risk aversion | climatic hazards | mitigation | drought | desertification


Hazardous Holidays: Earthquake in Kos (October 2017) On Friday 21 July 2017, an earthquake hit just off the coast of the Greek Island of Kos, and Turkish city of Bodrum in the Aegean Sea
UK Flooding 2015 (January 2016) An overview of stories about UK flooding in winter 2015/16.
Human triggered avalanches in the Carpathian Mountains, Romania (July 2015) The frequency with which dangerous avalanches occur in the Carpathian mountains is comparable with the rest of Europe and North America, yet observations of their causes in this region are relatively understudied
Small Island Developing States and Climate Change Vulnerability (May 2015) SIDS are mainly small isolated islands whose communities are commonly understood to be among the first places that will be very seriously affected by climate change
Responses to natural hazard risks in China (May 2015) Public awareness of risk and effective behavioural responses are fundamental to successful risk management strategies
Comparing Avalanches in the Alps and Afghanistan (March 2015) Intense periods of snow fall in two regions of the world caused a series of deadly avalanches in early 2015
New challenges for migrant communities (February 2015) The lives of migrants remains a topic of interest for many geographical researchers but few look closely at the new lives that are carved out by those who have been displaced by natural disasters
UK Water and Climate Risks (March 2014) What do recent expert reports tell us about possible links between hydrological changes and warmer temperatures?
Disaster in the Philippines: Typhoon Haiyan (January 2014) On 7th November 2013 Typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines killing over 6,000 people and affecting more 16 million people
Coastal surges and flooding in the UK: a prompt for more sustainable drainage? (January 2014) In January 2014, at the same time North America was experiencing sub-zero temperatures, the UK was facing its own package of extreme weather
The Deep Freeze: United States and the shifting Polar vortex (January 2014) In early January 2014, North America experienced heavy snow storms and freezing weather
Sinkholes: A geophysical hazard (March 2013) Sinkholes can make it seem like the earth is opening up and swallowing people and their possessions whole. However, geography and geology can explain all
Superstorm Sandy: A geographical perspective (November 2012) When Superstorm Sandy hit coast of the USA it caused disruption that would dominate the headlines for days
Pluvial (rain-related) flooding in urban areas: the invisible hazard (November 2012) By 2050 1.2 million more people are expected to be put at risk of pluvial flooding due to climate change and urban population growth
The climate forecast (October 2012) Between July 2011 and July 2012, a series of extreme weather events left many people asking: is there a link with climate change?
Fracking Blackpool (February 2012) A quest for new gas reserves made headlines when the drilling operation triggered small earthquakes close to Blackpool in 2011
Thai floods: mystery activity (November 2011) Simon Scoones, an IB teacher based in Bangkok has provided this mystery originally designed for the Freshwater IB Geography option
The 2010 Eyjafjallajokull eruption and the reconstruction of geography (May 2011) Read a Commentary from March 2011's Geographical Journal by Amy Donovan and Clive Oppenheimer
The human-induced hazard of Hungary (April 2011) Not all hazards are natural: a red mudflow from an industrial reservoir devastated parts of Hungary recently, killing nine people
Japan earthquake and tsunami (March 2011) A collection of links and articles relating to the 11 March 2011 Japanese earthquake
Rain, risk and resilience (July 2010) Are changing rainfall patterns putting the UK at greater risk of flooding?

Brought down to earth (June 2010)

The economic impact of Iceland’s volcano on Kenya’s gourmet-veg and cut-flower industry

Icelands eyjafjallajoekull volcanic eruption causes travel chaos (May 2010)

Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano sent a plume of ash and steam across the North Atlantic in mid-April 2010, prompting authorities in the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Germany and Scandinavia to close airspace over their countries
Architecture for humanity (May 2010) Architecture for Humanity(AfH) is an organisation who help to build a more sustainable future through the power of professional design

Fault line living (May 2010)

A journey along the world’s most dangerous fault lines, documenting the intriguing and perilous lives of those who live along them

What lessons are being learnt from natural disasters (May 2010) In the past decade the responses to major natural disasters have been analyzed in hundreads of case studies and examined by experts from a variety of fields
Who are most vulnerable to natural hazards? (May 2010) Natural disasters frequently occur across the world, affecting both developed and developing countries. However some populations are clearly more vulnearable than others
Rebuilding livelihoods in tsunami affected areas (May 2010) The Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (BCPR) works around the world to restore the quality of life for men, women and children who have been devastated by natural disaster or violent conflict

Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull volcano (April 2010)

Useful weblinks for finding out about Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull volcano

Tsunami risk and disaster planning - perspectives from the Caribbean (February 2010)

New research suggests up to 30,000 residents and tourists in Guadeloupe could be under threat from a tsunami in the Caribbean

Managing the impact of flooding (February 2010)

Two years on from severe floods in Hull, many victims remain in temporary accommodation
Consequences of Katrina (November 2009) Four years on from Hurricane Katrina, what is happening in New Orleans?
World at Risk: Summer 2009 (October 2009) Which natural hazards brought disaster – and to who, where and why?
Indian Ocean tsunamis: environmental and socio-economic impacts in Langkawi, Malaysia (June 2009) We report the results of a study of the physical characteristics and socio-economic impacts of the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 26 December 2004 on the tourist island of Langkawi, Malaysia
Adaptation - the new life line for Bangladesh? (May 2009) Vulnerability and Accountability – why is the UK helping Bangladesh adapt to climate change?
Geo-engineering (May 2009) Geo-engineering techniques have often been dismissed as pure science fiction, but more recently those previously against the idea of geo-engineering seem prepared to cautiously consider it as part of the solution
Aspiration and reality: flood policy, economic damages and the appraisal process (March 2009) Research shows that flood damage potential has increased significantly in the last 15 years
Looking back to the future (September 2008) How can the Quaternary Period help us relate to the present?
A bad month for hazards (June 2008) May 2008 has brought a cluster of major hazard events
What is at risk if London floods? (June 2008) 1.5 million people live in the floodplain of the River Thames and its tributaries. Many more people work, visit or travel through these potentially vulnerable areas
The Thames barrier (June 2008) The Thames Barrier is a unique flood control structure on the River Thames at Woolwich Reach in East London. It is 520 meters wide and protects London against storm surges and rainfall swelling
The Thames Gateway (June 2008) The Thames Gateway is Europe’s largest regeneration project, stretching 40 miles along the Thames estuary from Canary Wharf in London to Southend in Essex and Sittingbourne in Kent
Storm surge (January 2008) Storm surges to threaten London and the SE?
Drought doubt? (June 2006) Did you know that there is less water per head in the southeast of England than there is in the Sudan?
South Asia quake - two years on (October 2005) Why was South Asia so hard hit by a major quake? What factors determined the impact of this hazard?
Muddy waters (September 2005) Hurricane blues: Was Katrina a natural or human disaster? How was the response to Rita different?
Volcanic panic (March 2005) How do we know a supervolcano really exists and when will it explode?
Many unhappy returns (January 2005) Are ‘return periods’ helpful when exploring the human response to natural hazards?
Shock wave (January 2005) Interested in teaching or learning about the tsunami in the Indian Ocean and its effects?
Three hurricanes and a storm (September 2004) How does the prediction, management and impact of hazards vary by location?
Flash flood (August 2004) Boscastle - diary of a deluge
Wrinkle Face (June 2004) How is a dinosaur ageing a tectonic shift?
The big picture (May 2004) How do we put the latest climate change warnings for the UK into perspective?
Twin Quakes (January 2004) Why did two similar earthquake hazard events have very different impacts?
Calinfernoia (November 2003) Are devastating wildfires inevitable? Are they really devastating or just what the countryside needs?
Drought? What drought? (November 2003) Given recent heavy rains why are spring droughts being forecast?
Global changes bring biological hazards to Britain (October 2003) How is global warming and globalisation bringing new hazards to Britain?
Hurricanes, Typhoons and Monsoons (October 2003) Are they being reported fairly in the news?
Big in Japan (October 2003) Why did a big quake in the Land of the Rising Sun cause little damage?
The Two Tremors: should we be surprised by seismic shifts in Middle Earth? (September 2003) Why 'Lord of the Rings' location is 'Land of the Quakes'
Summer 2003: too hot to handle? (September 2003) The European drought of summer 2003
Izzy puts US in a tizzy (September 2003) How and why is Hurricane Isabel affecting the heavily populated East Coast of America?
Warning too late for Japanese mudslide victims (July 2003) A disaster caused by bad weather or human incompetence?
Algerian earthquake kills 1,500 (May 2003) Questions are asked as to why a hazard turned to disaster
New discovery threatens a seismic shift in LA (April 2003) Study reveals grim new earthquake hazard for Los Angeles
February: the cruellest month? (February 2003) A look at winter floods in the UK and around the world
UK flooding 2000 (February 2003) Causes and impacts of the disaster
Volcanic theory goes up in smoke (February 2003) Scientists have discovered that volcanoes once considered to be dormant may in fact be active
New flood risk threatens UK (February 2003) New wave of flooding threatens sea defences

 Online lectures

Flooding, climate change and the resilience of cities, Alex Nickson  (May 2015) As we become an urban species, how can our cities grow and become more resilient to climate change? Alex looks at the lessons London can learn, and apply, from international cities.

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Iceland's iconic volcanoes, Alexandra Witze (February 2015) Join a science journalist to explore the geology, geography and scenery of Icelandic volcanoes: from a world-changing 18th century eruption, to the latest ‘earth fires’ in 2014

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Baghdad: a city of peace, city of blood, Justin Marozzi (October 2014) The extraordinary story of one of the most turbulent cities on earth, from the glories of Abbasid cultural, scientific and intellectual triumphs to devastating hardships including epidemics, famines, floods and bloody foreign invasions

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From science to service: making climate science work for society, Professor Dame Julia Slingo (January 2014) Societies globally are more vulnerable than ever to hazardous weather and climate extremes. Met Office Chief Scientist Professor Dame Julia Slingo discusses the latest developments in climate science and services, and the challenges and opportunities that they present

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Countryside in crisis? (June 2013) Environmental risks and hazards like bovine TB, ash dieback and neonicotinoid pesticides are affecting our biodiversity and agriculture. Is Government getting its policies right and striking a balance between maximising innovation and minimising harm?

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Eruptions that shook the world, Clive Oppenheimer (October 2010) Drawing on examples from Iceland to Indonesia, a forensic approach is applied to understanding the consequences of Earth's greatest eruptions. What lessons can we learn to help mitigate future volcanic disasters?

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Natural disasters: how to improve? (May 2010) How can we improve our response to natural disasters and ensure lessons learnt benefit vulnerable communities worldwide in the long-term?

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Importing goods, exporting drought (October 2009) The scale of global water consumption needed to produce what we use and consume has a dramatic impact around the world. From the food we eat to the clothes we wear, discover the hidden cost of Britain's consumption.

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Britain's ageing population (June 2009) As the baby boom generation approach retirement, Britain's population is ageing. Discover the changing nature of retirement; the importance of older people in the workforce; the increasing pressures on public services and how Britain is adapting to an ageing society.

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Engineering our climate (May 2009) Geo-engineering, the deliberate manipulation of the earth's climate, is not a solution to climate change. But can it be an effective means to delay its impact? Should we be researching it as 'Plan B'?

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London under water (June 2008) What is the threat of flooding to London’s people and infrastructure? How will current defences cope with enhanced flood risk to the capital over the next 30 years?

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KS2: Mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes Exploring how and where mountains and natural hazards form
KS3: Are you flood ready? Looking at resilience, risk and management
KS3: Disasters and development How do natural hazards have an impact on development?
KS3: Risky world Hazard risk and impact at a variety of scales
KS3: The geography of science Exploring the interconnections between science and geography in creating and managing risk to places
KS4: Typhoons The research looks at disaster management and human responses in rural Taiwan following on from Typhoon Morakot in 2009
KS5: Earthquakes in New Zealand These resources look at the emotional geographies of disaster displacement in Christchurch, New Zealand following on from recent earthquakes
KS5: Tectonic landscapes Investigating the volcanic plumes of three Chilean volcanoes to see if the chemical composition of plumes can help predict impending eruptions
KS5: Arid environments These resources highlight various challenges facing those living in the Gobi Desert region, including natural hazards and food production and security

 Case studies

Working with Nature: Building resilience to flood events in Pickering, Yorkshire 

Nepal Earthquakes, Avalanches and Landslides (May 2015)

In December 2015 the UK experienced extreme flooding, but the town of Pickering 'stayed dry'. Explore the defence measures and community engagement processes employed by the town.

In 2015, Nepal experienced a magnitude 7.8 earthquake, followed by an avalanche on Mount Everest, a second, 7.4 magnitude earthquake and numerous landslides and aftershocks

Hampstead Heath Ponds Project (April 2015)

The project is designed to make the Heath and the surrounding residential areas less prone to flooding

China's Great Green Wall (January 2015)

The Problem of Desertification in China

El Nino and Development in Peru (February 2015) Peru is regularly affected by El Niño and El Niña currents

 Ask the Experts

Landslides and risks (July 2015) Professor Dave Petley, Pro-Vice-Chanchellor for Research and Enterprise at University of East Anglia
Hampstead Heath Ponds Project (May 2015) Dr Meg Game, Ecologist for the City of London Corporation
The societal responses to El Niño (May 2015) Dr George Adamson, Lecturer in Geography, Kings College London
Resilience and Vulnerability in Development (December 2014) Daniel Morchain, Global Advisor for climate change adaption, Oxfam
Flooding (March 2013) Alan Werrity, Professor in Geography, University of Dundee
Volcanology (February 2012) Sarah Henton, graduate student, Alaska Volcano Observatory, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, Fairbanks
The Japanese earthquake and tsunami (March 2011) Dr Bruce D Malamud , Reader in Natural and Environmental Hazards, King’s College London
Geophysical Global Events (January 2011) Bill McGuire, Professor of Geophysical and Climate Hazards, University College London
MapAction (May 2010) Nigel Woof, Chief Executive of MapAction
Water planning (July 2003) Professor Edmund Penning-Rowsell, Flood Hazard Research Centre, Middlesex University

 60 second guides

News round ups

Hurricane Matthew hits Haiti A collection of geographical news stories reporting on the Hurricane that hit Haiti in October 2016. Winds reached up to 230 km/H and the storm has killed over 1000 people with over 1.4 million requiring emergency aid
Hurricane Harvey A collection of geographical news stories covering the devastating hurricane that hit Texas, USA in August 2017
Hurricane Irma In September 2017 Hurricane Irma hit the Caribbean Islands with devastating impacts before moving to Florida, in the USA. This collection of geographical news stories explore how it happened and how communities are being affected

School Members, Early Career Teacher Members and Young Geographers can sign in to read the full range of articles. If you are not already a member you can join us as a School Member or Young Geographer and access our vast library of educational articles.

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