Water Shortages in the Maldives
Freshwater shortages are not uncommon in Male, the island capital of the Maldives
Freshwater shortages are not uncommon in Male, the island capital of the Maldives yet, at the start of December 2014, the country declared a ‘disaster situation’ after the city of 104,000 people had no running water for over of ten days. The island, which is home to 130,000 people, 50,000 of whom are temporary and semi-permanent workers from India and Bangladesh, relies on desalination plants to supply nearly all of its freshwater. As well as causing wide felt disruption and a huge international effort to restore drinking water to Male, there were fears that tourism, which supplies thirty percent of the country’s GDP and is the main source of income for the islands, would suffer as foreigners grow more concerned about the Maldives’ vulnerability to the poor management of resources.
Edexcel A Level
There are a range of responses to current and projected demands for water such as diverting supplies and increasing storage, for example China and Brazil; or water conservation; or restoration of lost supplies, for example the Aral Sea or Long Island.
Technology may play a role in increasing water supply, for instance water transfer schemes and desalinisation, although this is likely to have environmental costs.
OCR A Level
How changes in technology and society may result in changes in the definition of resources.
WJEC A Level
How do human activities influence water supply and demand?
How can water supply and demand be managed sustainably?
Case Study: Water supply in a country or area
Edexcel A GCSE
Water supply problems in LICs, including lack of available ‘clean’ piped water, waterborne disease and water pollution.
A water-management scheme, showing why the scheme was necessary and its effects.
Edexcel B GCSE
Consider the costs and benefits of large scale water management schemes in the developed world and the developing world, e.g. Colorado River and The Three Gorges dam.
Evaluate the potential of renewable resources and the ways in which new technologies, e.g. the hydrogen economy, might resolve resource shortages.
WJEC B GCSE
The concept of local, sustainable water projects.
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