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Bicester: New Garden City

January 2015

It has been announced that the small market town of Bicester is to be the next new garden city

Bicester: New Garden City

It has been announced that the small market town of Bicester, in north east Oxfordshire is to be the next new garden city. The statement comes as part of the £2.3 billion National Infrastructure Plan, a plan which aims to create three new garden cities each with at least fifteen thousand new homes (Pickard, 2014). Bicester will receive £100 million in funding from central government in order to start building thirteen thousand new homes, £44 million of which will be spent on upgrading and building new public transport infrastructure (Dominiczak, 2014).


AQA A Level
Re-urbanisation: characteristics, causes and effects.

Planning and management issues.

Edexcel A Level
Changing the built environment by rebranding of shopping, commercial and residential area promoting city identity using sport as a catalyst for change and pump-priming engine

OCR A Level
The economic and social problems associated with growth and development in rural areas

The environmental issues associated with building developments in rural areas

The study of at least one example to illustrate how planning and management practices are enabling rural areas to become increasingly sustainable.

WJEC A Level
The distinctiveness of places - perceptions of places/local areas.

The pressures on green belts from recreation (golf and stadia), retailing and business/ office parks and government housing targets, bypasses and ring road developments.

Housing – the attempts to satisfy the increased housing needs of the population in different parts of the city.

The growth of commuting and commuter villages.

The characteristics and factors significant to a village expanding in size.

Illustrate sustainable urban initiatives, including greening urban areas and sustainable urban planning initiatives.

Characteristics of urban sustainability including social, environmental and economic features.

A case study to show how planning and management practices are enabling urban areas to become increasingly sustainable.

Cambridge iGCSE
Describe the impacts of urban growth on both rural and urban areas, along with possible solutions to reduce the negative impacts

Edexcel A GCSE
Land use in urban areas in the UK is changing, largely in response to the need for more housing

The reasons for (social, economic and political) and consequences of the need for more housing, including the use of brownfield and greenfield sites, and urban sprawl.

Edexcel B GCSE
Identify different types of rural settlement, including remote rural communities in upland areas, retirement communities and commuter villages, and explain how these have developed.

Examine the environmental, social and economic impacts of rising demand for residential areas in one urban area in the UK.

Evaluate the success of planning policies such as ‘green belts’ and National Parks in both conserving valuable landscapes, and allowing economic development.

Edexcel iGCSE
The nature of, and reasons for, the changes taking place at the edge of HIC cities

The ‘greenfield’ versus ‘brownfield’ debate.

The roles of decision makers (planners, politicians, property developers and industrialists) in urban regeneration and rebranding.

Potential impacts of change on local place and non-UK place.

Different approaches to development in urban areas to illustrate more and less sustainable variations.

A case study of urban change to illustrate social, economic and environmental planning and the sustainability of the urban change.

Influence of local and national government policies on housing access.

The concepts of greenbelt, greenfield and brownfield sites.

The appreciation that different viewpoints, values and attitudes are held on planning issues by different stakeholders.

Strategies for sustainable communities including transport and building design.

A case study of one planning issue. Consider the plans, stakeholders and reasons for conflicts.

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