- How can we analyse interviews?
- What is sustainability? What is development?
- What is going on within the Sangihe Archipelago with regards to sustainability and development?
Despite a national investment programme to develop seaweed farming throughout the archipelago, most of the pilot projects had not continued beyond a few months. While very successful in one site (Nain) in other locations people reported three key reasons for the failure:
- Inappropriate siting of farms
- Lack of on-going support
- Crop failure due to predators and disease
Key respondents suggested the seaweed farming project had been too ‘top down’ to succeed. In addition, weather changes have had an impact on seaweed cultivation and land plantation yields, and villagers reported that fishing was becoming more difficult and the catches smaller. In response, some villages are enacting individualized solutions: seaweed farming, building small-scale tourist accommodation, constructing ice-carrying ships to transport fish catches to more distant towns, or value-adding by smoking tuna for export to Jakarta.
This lesson looks in detail at a section from an interview transcript in order to find out about the sustainability of seaweed farming and whether it offers a way of improving the Quality of Life of people living on the Sangihe Archipelago.
The technique used to analyse the transcript is called phenomenological research. More information on phenomenological research can be found in the article entitled ‘Phenomenology Research’ (this is at a high level and is aimed more at the teacher than the students, unless A-Level students; it provides teachers with additional background to the technique).