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Royal Geographical Society (with IBG): the heart of geography
A guide to the A Level Independent Investigation
Analysing glacial sediments
ArcGIS posters
Changing Places
Data skills and thinking geographically
Linking the Water and Carbon Cycles
OCR Coastal Landscapes and Exploring Places
Restless climate - Lessons using data skills
Ymchwiliad Annibynnol Safon Uwch Daearyddiaeth – Canllaw i Fyfyrwyr

A student guide to the A Level independent investigation
(Non-examined Assessment - NEA)

Download a copy of the guide                                                  Lawrlwythwch gopi o'r canllaw

Before you start

i   – Independent Investigation - Student Planning Form
       Independent Investigation - Student Planning Form (Word document)

ii  – A Guide to Writing A Research Plan

iii – A Guide to Effective Background Reading

iv – A Guide to Referencing


Section 1 – Introduction

1a – A Guide to Hypotheses


 Section 2 – Data collection

2a – A Guide to Different Types of Data

2b – A Guide to Data Collection Techniques – Quantitative Measuring

2c – A Guide to Data Collection Techniques – Surveys

2d – A Guide to Data Collection Techniques – Interviews

2e – A Guide to Data Collection Techniques – Questionnaires

2f – A Guide to Data Collection Techniques – Observations, Photographs and Field Sketches

2g – A Guide to Sampling Techniques

2h – A Guide to Recording Data in the Field

2i – A Guide to Avoiding Biased Data


Section 3 – Data presentation

3a – A Guide to Column Charts and Histograms

3b – A Guide to Pictograms

3c – A Guide to Pie Charts

3d – A Guide to Scatter and Line Graphs

3e – A Guide to Box and Whisker Graphs

3f – A Guide to Kite Diagrams

3g – A Guide to Triangular graphs

3h – A Guide to Rose and Radial Graphs

3i – A Guide to Isoline Maps

3j – A Guide to Choropleth Maps

3k – A Guide to Pictorial Data Presentation

3l – A Guide to Presenting Qualitative Data



Section 4 – Data analysis

4a – A Guide to Measures of Central Tendency

4b – A Guide to Measuring Proportions

4c – A Guide to Measures of Dispersion

4d – A Guide to Cost-Benefit Analysis

4e – A Guide to Spearman’s Rank

4f – A Guide to Chi-Squared Testing

4g – A Guide to Simpson’s Diversity Index

4h – A Guide to Pearson’s Product Moment

4i – A Guide to Nearest Neighbour Analysis

4j – A Guide to Mann-Whitney U Test

4k – A Guide to Qualitative Data Analysis


Section 5 – Conclusions



Section 6 – Evaluation



Section 7 – Final checks


Posters A guide to reading your research landscape


Click here for a copy of FAQs from the awarding bodies




Funded by the Nuffield Foundation


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