For this lesson, we are going to travel from the UK to Bulgaria, to look at a country which has had a lot of changes in its energy use in recent years. Use an atlas to find out where Bulgaria is, how big it is compared to other countries and what countries it is near.
Our researcher Ralitsa visited Bulgaria in the summer of 2011 to speak to people about the use of energy in the country. Watch this video on YouTube by way of introduction.
What questions does this:
- Create for you?
But how does this link to Ralitsa’s research?
Bulgaria has a number of pipelines which run under the ground. These take oil and gas from one part of Europe to another. When the gas enters Bulgaria it becomes Bulgarian and then changes nationality as it leaves. A reminder that geography is about flows, and movements, as well as things that are more static. The oil changes nationality at the border. When we visit a place we carry a passport to prove our identity (another big geographical idea).
The second half of this lesson relates to your imaginary great-uncle, who lives in Bulgaria. For many years, he worked in local politics in Sofia, the Bulgarian capital, before he retired.
You have had a chat with him about his life, but his memories are a little confused, and some of the things he talked about were a long time ago, whereas others are more recent.
Put his memories in order – a timeline has been provided – so that you can see the changes that have happened over the last few decades with political change, membership of the EU, and now changing power relationships over oil.
What has happened within your lifetime?
Some useful resources to use to help with the interview work:
Using the Factsheets that have been provided, complete the Bulgaria check-list activity sheet PDF | MSWORD. Ralitsa says that one of the reasons that she chose to study in Bulgaria was that she could already speak the language. When you look at an image (JPG) like this one, can you see why that would be a benefit? It’s a map of the electrical grid by the way.
How does Bulgaria compare with the pattern of energy change featured in this diagram (JPG) (source http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Global-Issues/2010/1110/China-to-mold-future-world-energy-use-IEA)?
What changes has it been through in recent years ?
What might be some future energy issues that will face the country ?
Vampire energy is a name used for the draining of energy which happens whenever devices are plugged in, even if they are not switched on. Many devices have a standby feature, and unless they are unplugged will still be consuming energy and therefore costing money.
Watch this YouTube video.
Take a look at this image.
You are going to become vampire hunters, armed with the most dangerous of weapons: two fingers and a thumb.
This weapon will be used to sap the vampire’s energy (i.e. pull out the plug).
Eating garlic is not compulsory!
Download the Vampire Hunters Guide PDF | MSWORD and complete your dangerous mission.