National Curriculum 2014

A new geography National Curriculum was implemented from September 2014. The National Curriculum 2014 primary and secondary documents are available to view below.

View these articles (downloadable below): Teaching the new National Curriculum, Teaching about the UK, Global learning with geography

National Curriculum for Geography consultation

The Society would like to thank its many members and Fellows, as well as many other geographers, who have responded to the Department for Education review of the draft National Curriculum for geography. It is heartening to know that geography has such an active and engaged community.

There are many positive developments in the draft curriculum which the Society has welcomed. For example, it provides a focus on geographical place knowledge, alongside geographical understanding and skills; rebalances human and physical geography, redressing the erosion of the latter which had occurred over recent years; good coverage of geographical skills, requiring the use of globes, maps (including Ordnance Survey maps) and GIS at Key Stage 3; and an explicit requirement for fieldwork across Key Stage 1, 2 and 3.

The Society’s response, which is consistent with the views that the Society has previously expressed to Ministers and officials, also identifies that climate change should be an explicit requirement within the National Curriculum for geography at Key Stage Three. View the Society’s full response to the consultation (Consultation response 1).

The Society also recognises, and we have made the Department for Education aware of this, that our Fellows and members hold a wide range of views about the curriculum. In this context, the Society’s response does not seek to represent the breadth and range of views expressed by its membership.

On 7 February 2013, the Secretary of State for Education, Rt Hon Michael Gove MP, announced to Parliament details on the future of the national curriculum to be implemented from September 2014, including for geography. This was the culmination of a process for the review of the National Curriculum in England which began in January 2011. The Society was involved in the process, responding to formal consultations and as part of an advisory group to Ministers.

The proposals, on which they were consulting, represented the outcomes of that review. Available documents published include:

  • National Curriculum consultation framework document (Consultation 2) This document sets out the statutory elements of the National Curriculum, as well as the proposed programmes of study. Details of geography can be found on pages 161-164

  • National Curriculum consultation document (Consultation 3) to which the Society responded to before the deadline of 16 April 2013

  • Society's consultation response (Consultation 4) to National curriculum review: new programmes of study and attainment targets from September 2014 (August 2013)

Our immediate response: The Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) welcomes the proposed new geography Programme of Study for pupils aged 5 to 14. It has a necessary focus on core knowledge: the understanding of locations, country contexts, the key natural and human characteristics of our world, and the human and environmental processes that shape and change the world constantly and differentially. It requires map work and fieldwork at all key stages. In this way it clearly identifies the building blocks of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills that should be taught, and which underpin the understanding of more complex topics in later stages of study.

The Department for Education proposals: In summary - 'A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching should equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. As pupils progress, their growing knowledge about the world helps them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge provides the tools and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.'

Secondary school accountability: At the same time the government has consulted on secondary school accountability. The Society has responded (Consultation 5) and argued that the revised school accountability measures, which would report on a pupils progress in eight subject areas, should include an explicit requirement that pupils study a humanity GCSE (either geography or history).

Further details can be read in the briefing on the curriculum and accountability.

Previous documentation

Society response to initial consultation (Consultation 6) from January 2011 emphasising our passionate belief that geography is vital as a compulsory National Curriculum subject at Key Stages 1, 2 and 3 (i.e. 5 -14 ages); and ideally also at Key Stage 4 (i.e.14-16 ages)


GCSE examination specifications

These links include the new specifications for first teaching in September 2016.  

AQA

GCSE Geography Specification

Cambridge International Examinations

IGCSE Geography Specification

O Level Geography Specification

CCEA - Northern Ireland

GCSE Geography Specification

Edexcel

GCSE Geography Specification A

GCSE Geography Specification B 

IGCSE Geography Specification

OCR

GCSE Geography Specification A

GCSE Geography Specification B

WJEC / Eduqas

GCSE Geography Specification A England

GCSE Geography Specification B England

GCSE Geography Specification Wales


A Level examination specifications

These links include the new specifications for first teaching in September 2016.  

AQA

AS and A-level Geography

Cambridge International Examinations

AS and A-level Geography

Pre-U Geography

CCEA - Northern Ireland

AS and A-level Geography

Edexcel

AS and A-level Geography

OCR

AS and A-level Geography

WJEC / Eduqas

AS and A-level Geography England

AS and A-level Geography Wales

International Baccalaureate

International Baccalaureate