TEMPEST is a database of historical weather extremes in the UK. Bring these stories to your classroom with our user guide.
How did the eruption of the Indonesian volcano Tambora in 1815 affect the UK? This lesson investigates weather data from that time to find out if there were any impacts and if so, what were they and how serious.
Where and what is Tambora?
What is a stratovolcano?
What happens when a stratovolcano erupts?
How might this affect global weather patterns?
How did the eruption from Tambora affect the UK?
What was the effect on people’s everyday lives?
Stratovolcanoes can produce powerful eruptions with an associated range of devastating impacts for people living nearby and far away. When Tambora erupted in 1815, NASA reports that it put enough ash into the atmosphere to reduce incident sunlight on the Earth’s surface, causing global cooling.
This event, then resulted in what became termed ‘The Year without a Summer’, when much hardship was reported across the UK as cold and rain ruined crops and left many hungry.
Extreme weather is when a weather event is significantly different from the average or usual weather pattern. This may take place over one day or a period of time. Extreme weather can have impacts on people and environments
The Tempest database has documented accounts of extreme weather going back over hundreds of years from a rich variety of diverse sources that include: newspaper reports; diaries, letters and postcards, as well as official meteorological records. This data base can be searched using dates, types of weather and impacts as queries and the results mapped.
World maps / atlases
Digital mapping software access
Digimap for Schools
Royal Meteorological Society
This is supported by AHRC.
This is supported by research at University of Nottingham.
This is supported by research at University of Liverpool.
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