Challenged by water: floods and drought
Why does climate vary across the USA?
Where is the Mississippi river?
Why does the Mississippi river flood?
What impacts do floods have?
What is drought?
What causes drought?
What are the impacts of drought in California?
Watch this video (from 15:08 minutes – 19:30 minutes). Go to YouTube website
In group discussion encourage pupils to reflect on the video and ask:
Please note there are a number of suggested tasks as part of the main teaching for this lesson. You are encouraged to implement and adapt these tasks based on ability and time available.
Task one: The lesson begins by exploring how climate differs across the US. Explain the importance of latitude for climate and explore the features of a climate graph (as shown on Floods and Droughts PPT).
Ask pupils to describe the features of a good and accurate climate graph. Answers should include:
Bars to show precipitation (rainfall, snow, sleet or hail)(blue)
Line to show maximum and minimum temperature (red & blue)
Correctly labelled axis’
Title of graph
You may also like to use the RGS-IBG Weather and Climate poster available to download here for broader information of documenting and representing climate data
Task two: Divide pupils into groups. Each group should select ONE state in the USA to research its climate and complete the Climate Worksheet available in downloads. The pupils should consult US Climate Data website to do so.
Remember to remind pupils to access the data in degrees Celsius and millimetres, rather than Fahrenheit and inches. The website provides both options.
Bring the groups together and pose the following questions for class discussion:
Task three: The two following exercises involve pupils comparing two very different climatic regions of the USA. Class should be divided into two. One half will first explore the impact of floods from the Mississippi and the activity will result in the creation of a storyboard of events. The other half of the class will explore how drought conditions are affecting the state of California with an exercise that requires pupils to collect clues about the region in order to provide an explanation of drought and its impact.
Pupils should visit websites below to:
Complete the Investigating: Mississippi Floods Activity Sheet
Create a storyboard of events (see Pupil Example in downloads)
Complete the details, causes and impacts table
Go to National Geographic website
Go to National Geographic Website
Go to NOAA website
Go to BBC News website
Go Nature website: website
Watch this video to provide the context for the activity. Go to BBC website
Pupils should visit websites below to:
Use these websites to complete the California worksheet:
Go US Drought Portal website
Go National Drought Mitigation Centre website
Go Global Warming Isn’t Causing Drought? Website
California’s vanishing lakes. Go to Daily Mail website
Pupils can swap activities half way through the lesson if time allows.
By the end of this lesson pupils should have developed an understanding of how climate varies across the USA and how the social, cultural and economic experience of place is affected by climate.
As a final activity pupils should select use their knowledge of climate learnt throughout the lesson to design and write postcard from either: the state researched as part of task two, or Mississippi or California. A Postcard template is available in downloads; alongside examples of pupil’s work.
In preparation for lesson five please ask pupils to bring in some food which comes from the USA for the starter activity of lesson five. See lesson five Factsheet for Teachers for suggested items.
||This resource has been developed as part of the Rediscovering London's Geography project, funded by the GLA through the London Schools Excellence Fund. It seeks to improve the quality of teaching and learning of geography in London’s schools, in addition to encouraging more pupils to study geography