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Weather or climate?

This section explores the difference between weather and climate

Key question

What is the difference between weather and climate?

What is the difference between weather and climate?

Climate is the long term average of daily weather conditions allowing for seasonal variations and viewed on a regional scale. Elements which make up climates are:

  • Temperature

  • Rainfall

  • Wind

  • Pressure

  • Humidity

  • Cloud

  • Sunshine

  • Fog



What is out the window?

Have a look outside your classroom window, what do you see? What's the temperature? Is it raining or Snowing?

Look at the images of extreme weather; heat, hurricane, blizzard, sandstorm.

How does the extreme weather make you feel?

What would a typical day be like for you in summer, winter, spring and autumn?

Main Activity

In your groups, look at the location cards: Card selection one and card selection two.

Between you, create climate graphs for each place using this WMO (World Meteorological Organisation) link.

Compare the climate for each location with the weather it is experiencing today using the WMO data.


Wish you were here?

Write a postcard from a holiday in a place in the UK or abroad. Describe what the climate is your location is normally like, and compare this to the weather on the day you are writing the postcard and over the course of your holiday. Have you experienced any extreme weather?

File nameFiles

File type



Changing Climates Lesson 1 Images of Extreme Weather Conditions


1 MB

Changing Climates Lesson Postcard Template


39 KB

Changing climates lesson 1 location cards 1


48 KB

Changing climates lesson 1 location cards 2


47 KB

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