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A valley with mountains

Draw up a flow diagram to bring together what you have learnt over the three lessons for understanding the ‘geographical enquiry sequence’ (process of geographical research).

Your flow diagram should be on a single piece of paper, and should summarise this Drakensberg research project. It could be structured in the following way:

Research questions (or hypotheses) → Methods (including sampling) → Data presentation →Data interpretation, analyses and conclusion → Evaluation (to include limitations and/or scope for further research)

When completing your flow diagram, also note down any justification you can think of for why certain questions, methods, presentation, and analytical techniques have been used in this research.

Learn more about how scientists reconstruct past climates and environments by writing a one or two page briefing paper on any one of the following sources of evidence:

  • Glacial deposits (moraines, till) (largely covered in this resource)

  • Ice cores

  • Ocean sediment cores (marine sediment)

  • Tree rings

  • Lake sediment cores

  • Pollen

  • Plant or animal fossils

  • Pack rat middens

Your briefing paper should describe:

  • How the evidence is collected

  • How the evidence is studied or analysed

  • What the evidence can tell us about the environment or climate at different times in the past

The following web links will help you gather information:

If you wish to follow up any of the academic journal articles related to this research, download the reference list 

For an A-level text book on topics related to this resource see: Glacial and Periglacial Environments (Anderson) published by Hodder & Stoughton in 2004 as part of the Access to Geography series.