Featured image: Nomad Bikers @nomadbikers / Unsplash

 

Key Words

Convergence boundaries
This forms when two crustal plates collide

Tectonic plate
The large, broken up, pieces of the Earth’s crust and upper part of the mantle

Subduction zones
This is formed when convergent boundaries collide, with one plate descending beneath the other

Fault lines
A facture that occurs when tectonic plates move or shift – this is where earthquakes are likely to occur

Slow slip event
Slow creep in faults that occur over weeks, or months rather than seconds

Tsunami
A tsunami is a series of waves caused by earthquakes or undersea volcanic eruptions

Seismic reflection imagining
Using seismology to estimate the properties of the Earth’s subsurface from reflected seismic waves