This unit of work explores important demographic themes
What percentage of the UK population is over 65?
Why do some places have higher numbers of older people than others?
What challenges and opportunities do these high numbers of older people bring?
Seventeen per cent of the UK population is over 65 years
Twenty per cent of the UK population is under 16 years
Together, these form the ‘dependent' population (economically inactive). The economically active population (between 16 and 65 years), thus forms 63% of the population.
Some places in the UK, particularly on the south coast, for example Eastbourne and Worthing have a reputation as being retirement towns. And the reality may not be too far from this. In both Eastbourne and Worthing, 23% of the population is over 65 (six per cent more than the country average). If you compare this with the London Borough of Wandsworth, where only 10% of the population is over 65, this difference is quite significant.
There are many reasons why the over-65s might choose to retire to some areas over others, and it is important not to generalise. Some ‘pull factors' (reasons attracting people to an area) might include:
People are living longer and want to move somewhere pleasant and peaceful for their retirement
Flat land close to the sea is often accessible for older people
Coastal towns and cities can be more peaceful to live in than large cities
The scenery and views of the sea might attract older people
Services and healthcare for the elderly may be well established in these so-called retirement towns
Cleaner air and less pollution may have health benefits
The potential challenges of an ageing population:
The average age of the area's population will start to increase, resulting in a larger population of dependents
Local councils may need more money to pay for the cost of housing, services and healthcare for the elderly so may need to raise taxes
Young people may begin to leave the area as they feel that it no longer caters for them
Shops and services for young people may start to close down if young people leave the area
The area may get stuck in a ‘time warp' as older people may be more resistant to change
The potential opportunities arising from an ageing population:
The grey pound. Shoppers aged 65 to 74 years old splashed out an average of £4,379 each in 2007 and this is predicted to rise to £6,055 by 2017. Much of the money was spent on beauty, fashion and electrical goods
Levels of crime and vandalism may decrease in areas with an older population
People over the age of retirement may have more time to make a contribution to the local community
As life expectancy increases and the health of the nation improves, being 65 is not what it used to be. Look at the long list of still-working celebrities who are over 65: Des Lynam, Mick Jagger, the Queen, Sir Trevor Macdonald to name but a few
What percentage of the UK is over 60/65?
Take the quiz about UK population.
Where is Granny going?
You have already started to investigate what the distribution pattern for over-65s in the UK is like, especially in southern England.
Download the distribution map, describe the distribution patterns shown and look at the overall ‘uneven' nature of the distributions.
Download the case study for Worthing.
Download the population pyramids and population graph. Answer the questions on the worksheet using these information sources.
Why is Granny going there?
Why is the distribution pattern of population in the UK uneven?
Look at the where is Granny going powerpoint and discuss as a class what the images show about life as an elderly person.
Use the causes and consequences card sort. Some of the statements describe reasons why the elderly may favour certain places rather than others. Some of the statements instead describe positive and negative impacts that the elderly may have on the areas where they live in high concentrations. Separate the statements into two clear groupings of causes and consequences.
Let us have a look at all of the contributions that older people make to the place you live.
Use the who am I? PoweprPoint. Do you recognise these ‘Celebrity over-60s'?
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